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Liver Conditions


Hepatitis is any kind of inflammation of the liver and can be caused by many things such as viruses, drugs and alcohol. Treating hepatitis can be complicated by other conditions and diseases. Also, since the liver performs essential functions for the entire body, when it becomes damaged, it can affect many areas and cause other diseases such as cirrhosis and cancer.

Abnormal Liver Function Tests (LFT)

Liver function tests are a type of blood test that measure levels of certain enzymes and proteins made by the liver. These tests are ordered for people with symptoms of liver problems, as part of routine blood work, to monitor the safety of certain medications or to track the progression of certain illnesses.


This is characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. It is marked by scarring of liver tissues that results in blocked blood flow and impaired liver function.


This condition happens when there is the presence of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity. It is a common clinical finding with a wide range of causes, but develops most frequently as a part of previously asymptomatic chronic liver disease.

Common Bile Duct Stones (Choledocholithiasis)

When gallstones are present in the common bile duct, choledocholithiasis exists. The stone may consist of bile or calcium and cholesterol salts.

Chronic Liver Disease

Chronic liver disease is marked by the gradual destruction of liver tissue over time. Several liver diseases fall under this category including Cirrhosis and Fibrosis.

Hepatic Encephalopathy

This is a worsening of brain function that occurs when the liver is no longer able to remove toxic substances in the blood. It is caused by disorders that affect the liver. These include disorders that reduce liver function (such as cirrhosis or hepatitis) and conditions in which blood circulation does not enter the liver.

Liver Cancer

The liver can be affected by primary liver cancer, which arises in the liver, or by cancer which forms in other sites and then spreads to the liver. Most liver cancer is secondary or metastatic, meaning the malignancy originated elsewhere in the body.

Liver Masses

These masses happen when there is a benign collection of blood vessels within the liver. Also known as a liver hemangioma, a liver mass is a condition that usually causes no symptoms and may be discovered during the administration of testing or procedures for an unrelated condition.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

This is a disease of the bile ducts inside the liver. It progresses slowly, so patients may lead active, productive lives for many years. In PBC, the bile ducts in the liver become inflamed. The inflammation is chronic (constant over a long period of time), and causes scaring that eventually blocks and destroys the bile ducts.

Sclerosing Cholangitis

Cholangitis is an infection of the common bile duct, the tube that carries bile from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines. Bile is a chemical made by the liver that helps digest food. Over time the bile ducts become inflamed and hardening and scarring can occur.

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Inflammation in your liver occurs when your body's immune system attacks your liver. Although the cause of autoimmune hepatitis isn't entirely clear, some diseases, toxins and drugs may trigger autoimmune hepatitis.

Fatty Liver Disease 

The accumulation of fat in liver cells. It is also called steatosis. Fatty liver may be associated with or may lead to inflammation of the liver. This can cause hardening and scarring of the liver.